Top 10 Workplace Discrimination Claims
In 2015, the Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (EEOC) resolved more than 90,000 workplace discrimination claims—securing more than $525 million from employers in the private and public sectors as a result of these claims. Top 10 Workplace Discrimination Claims. Discrimination lawsuits can be very time-consuming and expensive for employers, and can result in a loss of employee morale or reputation within the community.
Top Causes of Decimation Claims
According to the EEOC, the following are the top 10 reasons for workplace discrimination claims in fiscal year 2015:
- Retaliation—39,757 (44.5 percent of all charges filed)
- Race—31,027 (34.7 percent)
- Disability—26,968 (30.2 percent)
- Sex—26,396 (29.5 percent)
- Age—20,144 (22.5 percent)
- National origin—9,438 (10.6 percent)
- Religion—3,502 (3.9 percent)
- Color—2,833 (3.2 percent)
- Equal Pay Act—973 (1.1 percent)
- Genetic Information Nondiscrimination Act—257 (0.3 percent)
These percentages add up to more than 100 percent because some lawsuits were filed alleging multiple reasons for discrimination.
Retaliation lawsuits are brought after an employee alleges an employer has fired, demoted, harassed or otherwise retaliated against him or her for filing a charge of discrimination or assisted with a job discrimination investigation or lawsuit. Retaliation claims are the most frequently filed charge of discrimination—growing nearly 5 percent in 2015.
The number of retaliation lawsuits may continue to rise in the future due to new regulations proposed by the EEOC. In January 2016, the EEOC released proposed revisions to its workplace retaliation guidelines that would make it easier for employees to pursue retaliation charges by expanding its view of what constitutes actionable retaliation.
For instance, the proposed rule broadens what constitutes a “causal connection” between protected activity and adverse action. It says “protected activity” can occur explicitly or implicitly, and expands the definition of an “adverse action” to include anything that could reasonably deter protected activity, even if the action does not have a tangible effect on an individual’s employment. The press release announcing the proposed rule can be found here, which contains a link to the full text of the proposed rule.
What Employers Should Do
Employers should take the following steps to protect themselves from retaliation and other discrimination claims:
- Audit their practices to uncover any problematic situations and practices.
- Create a clear anti-retaliation policy that includes specific examples of what management can and cannot do when disciplining or terminating employees.
- Provide training to management and employees on anti-retaliation and other discrimination policies.
- Implement a user-friendly internal complaint procedure for employees.
- Uphold a standard of workplace civility, which can reduce retaliatory behaviors.